LearningPortuguese

Adverbs

The concept of adverbs is very similar to that of adjectives – i.e. they are words that give more information about another word. As the term implies, adverbs are generally used to give extra information about a verb – usually to describe the action – e.g. to denote speed/sound/strength/etc.

Virtually all words that end with ‘ly’ in English are adverbs (the equivalent ending in Portuguese is ‘mente’ – e.g. profundamente).

However, although generally used to describe a verb, adverbs can also be used to describe other word types such as adjectives (although they are never used to describe a noun directly). For example: ‘The physically, mentally, and emotionally exhausted girl arrived home.’ – the adverbs in this sentence are ‘physically’, ‘mentally’, and ‘emotionally’, which in this case are being used to describe the adjective ‘exhausted’ (which in turn describes the noun ‘girl’).

Basically then, to identify a word as an adverb, check whether the word describes something. If it does, but does not relate directly to a noun, it is probably an adverb. Some words can be either an adjective or an adverb depending on the context (e.g. the word ‘fast’ when used in the context of ‘a fast car’ is an adjective, but when you say ‘the car was going fast’ it is an adverb).

Examples of Portuguese adverbs

Portuguese

English

bastante

enough/quite

bem

well

cuidadosamente

carefully

lentamente

slowly

raramente

seldom

juntos

together

profundamente

deeply

provavelmente

probably

Buy the Book!

Available in paperback or as an eBook

cover4 tiny

  • Entire pronunciation and grammar guide of this website included
  • Expanded and updated
  • Extra content on subjects not covered on the site
  • Over 500 exercises with translations and solutions
  • Verb tables for regular and the most common irregular verbs
  • Extra reference and vocabulary

More Information